Winter-time in Springfield Ohio, extremes in weather conditions has
proven to be perfect for solar and wind testing.
One day it's
60degrees and sunny, the next day it's 12degrees with low-hanging cloud
cover, then another day it's 20+ mph blustery winds.
Between the wind generator and solar panels,
in an off-grid scenario, both are paled in
compared to that of the batteries.
Recently I mused at how the job is almost accomplished out here;
24hours each day, for more than 2 years now, monitoring
testing and experimenting, finally coming to a close.
Then I woke up.
gleaned from the Internet; but rather by trial and error, and
Some of the
information that follows will be CONTRARY
to the propaganda on the net in regards to battery power banks.
It is hoped
that the next
generation will pick up from the following
data and build upon the information which follows.
Below are shown the corporate crap; look closely and
recognize it. Take special note of the white acid residue at the
bottom of the box and around the coroded terminal connectors. This crap
is brought to you by
capitalists that use the least amount of invested capital to push
will see their demise over
and over and over....in your
lifetime. They, and their cable connectors, are
In the photo below are shown
two brass connectors.
connectors were found at a great local store called Rural
King. If you don't have a Rural King in your neighborhood you
don't get to enjoy their complimentary coffee and popcorn, and
pleasant helpful customer
service, and a wide variety of assorted merchandise and
if you need hardware like nuts and bolts, DO BOTHER TO COMPARE
their prices with the big box stores!
They don't charge per nut or bolt,
Rural King sells by the flipping pound!
Suffice to say, the community
Springfield loves their Rural
was always just presumed that battery connectors will have to be
periodically inspected and replaced (because the uncensored portion of
the internet told me so).
It seemed inevitable, acid will literally eat the soft
metal of the
common lead connector, leaving only wires at the posts.
I never heard any other viewpoint on the internet in regards to
a solution in off-grid applications.
do not have the freedom to visit all
the websites that actually exist
because our internet is extremely filtered
(90% is not allowed and labeled to us as the "black" and "dark" web and
become data that is
tucked away via "blacklists").
cables will need to be
inspected, tightened, and replaced from
time to time, huh?
Cut the corporate capitalist
crappy connectors from those cables!
If a person were to spend 52cents, they would not likely be buying
More likely, the person spending 52cents is buying an item valued at
This is not to say that spending more will yield more!
In 2018, it is unsafe
that the highest prices in the marketplace
will ensure the highest quality anything.
One thing is for certain
cable connectors sold at
walmart, kmart, autozone, etc. are NOT for off-grid applications.
I've been dealing with those cables for over a decade;
yourself the headaches and potential power failures (and more!),
trust me on this one, cut the cable terminals off, and install the
alternative to corporate-farmed cabling offers the convenience of nut
and bolt, as opposed to one-time-use crimp and solder. This
for the adding of other connections at a later date, without having to
purchase more hardware, and eliminates unnecessary labor.
The cost difference is shocking at first, but when you consider it is a
once in your lifetime replacement (as opposed to replacing
dangerously damaged cables every other year), coupled with the fact
automotive capitalists designed cables to
incorporate the cable into the connectors, rendering their cablesnot
user-serviceable, and their connectors
Brass connectors exhibit no sulfation!
don't know why. Maybe if we were permitted to see the
whole internet, that a site exists explaining the
phenomenon... my tentative guess is that the average automobile is not
pushing 60amps into a battery bank, as in the case of solar, wind,
hydro, etc. *(referencing an average 48v input configuration)
I did not
find this factoid on the Internet! No
more sulphuric mess, no
connectors dissolving in areas
that are not visible to the naked eye, no more going back to the
marketplace to replace the entire cable or
connector because of deformity due to stretching, no more checking
after weather extremes ... BRASS, with its tighten once design,
to less maintenance and a more reliable connection.
be totally honest with you, I didn't buy the brass connectors for any
had purchased the brass battery
connectors as one that might purchase a chrome starter for their prized
The connectors were nothing more than "tricking out" the battery bank
Several advantages converting to
were noticed immediately; No sulfation was the bountiful
If the uncensored portion
internet has left anyone else dis-amused and lacking when seeking truth
(in any area), and when the internet communications controllers
are askew in the shaping of the offering of internet data to further
intelligence, the entire
off-grid realm holds as the curbed model as evidence of the existence
of a censored
I'm just saying, having watched thousands of videos on
the topic, and having read
and perused thousands more websites on the topic, nowhere was this
concerning a more permanent solution to an inevitable problem found.
Along with cable connectors, ought to naturally come the
themselves. Since the crappy cable connectors don't work
well in an off-grid application (or safely for that matter), after
changing the connectors, let's look at designing a better
Design your own
Making your own cabling is critical
a pain in the asz.
You won't be accomplishing this with a pair
of scissors so break out your sharpest blade, grinder, or precision
cutoff saw; and after having chopped the connectors specified in Tip#1
above, clean off both
carry the wire to the battery bank, and get a measurement leaving a
slight allowance for movement. Be
careful while assessing your
12v electricity is eons safer than the grid electricity, however
handling batteries unsafely can hurt or kill you.
Below are a set of
new batteries. The long wires seen in the photo are
temporary as the new batteries have not been incorporated with the
other batteries yet.
To clarify the necessary cuts, one cut for your SERIES
connection and one for your PARALLEL.
A.) When cutting for series connections, make the
cables as short and direct as
possible. These particular series connections require no allowance for
play as they are
clear out of the way from the service cell caps, having play in
the series connection would be of no good use, that I can think of.
B.) When cutting for parallel
connections, make the cables go from
the first connector,T H R O U G H to
the farthest battery connector that your
cable will reach. Less cuts equates to less
energy loss and
minimizes other potentially detrimental variables. Seen below are
cables that extend from first terminal to the third terminal (WITHOUT A
CUT). In other words the cable is continuous through the
second terminal. *photo coming soon
The argument for custom-cut cables isn't just an argument for
sake, or that it looks neater, or that the result are a
more-efficient battery bank, but also you are gaining the
per lifetime by making your own cables.
In our economically controlled societies, the
cables are all cut one-size-fits-all (basically) which leads to
critical problems. Anyone having to check the specific
each cell in each battery, or adding distilled water or sulfuric acid
to each cell in each battery, has encountered the tangled web the
creates. Cables are strewn seemingly everywhere no matter how
well you try to loom them. The mess of cables causes confusion,
is a proponent of potential accidents, causes phantom energy loss due
to unnecessary length/distance, and simply looks bad.
Now notice the nice, neat,
predictable cables you see in the photos
shown below. *Aside from the evident fact
that I don't generally bother dusting the
batteries ever (as opposed to the uncensored internet typically
that are shiny and probably just for show, financed by the very entity
seeking to gain advantage), also notice that
any acid build-up around the posts and connectors. It is patently
impossible to clean the posts without
disturbing the dust around the posts...so that's the excuse, i'm just
waiting for the day
when I have to clean the posts!
connectors solved corrosion issue.
Cutting tailored cable lengths allowed for reduced costs in
cabling, less phantom energy loss, and a safer workspace.
Direct cable connection from one terminal
the next allows for quicker transference of power with least amount
loss (resistance due to excess length), and overshadows the problems
caused by excess cable,
it be at the battery bank or the distance from the battery bank to the
end-user device or appliance.
So if the common marketplace only offers one size in battery cable
thickness, and only one or two lengths, cutting it all down for
tailored cuts meant nothing gets wasted. If the next generation
thicker cables, let them finance it, these cables are getting
recycled as-is ';-)).
Despite the myopic trend in our
Nation right now, Think long-term
long-term is essential when building a one-time power plant that will
outlive you and me.
Chances are likely that the next generation will not be that keen on
how it all works. Consider your niece or grand-child coming
to your off-grid edifice, would you feel safe having her around your
power plant by herself? If not, fix it as if you were dying
Long-term, as in longer than just your existence, ought to be the goal.
The title to this tip wavered between: Thinking in Terms of Longevity and
the alternate title: Never Throw
it's truly trash.
Since I generally am cash-poor, larger cables were not
feasible. However making the most of what I had ensured a
great savings in not needing to purchase more cabling to accomplish the
new cabling scheme (in other words, I didn't throw away any of the old
simply because they had become unusable due to corrosion).
This would be a good time to clarify, my garbage is not
people's garbage. My garbage does not smell and attracts no
When seeking to live off-grid, garbage is a problem turned
into a solution.
Q: So if I don't have a regular
garbage pickup, where's my
A: Glad you asked. As it turns out, it's easy to make less
garbage. Firstly, let's define garbage in an on-grid
situation vs garbage in an off-grid application.
In an on-grid
situation, your trash is trash that could be recycled, however the
difficulty in finding the means to purpose it are limited (especially
if you live in the cities or apartments). And furthermore, even
if you were able to recycle your trash, it is for another entity that
you toil. The term recycle is defined as re-using a commodity or
other material for another purpose. Recycle is NOT defined as
making some other entity fat with your donation (that will later turn
around and raise their prices for their product with no thought to your
donations). Typically though, trash in an
cannot be separated for recycling, and therefore becomes
However, in an off-grid
situation, your trash is immediately a commodity.
Recycling is automatic, unless you are cash-flush.
Explained further, garbage basically
plant by-products, glass,
metals, and styros.
Let's talk trash.
1.) Paper or cardboard.
cook with wood, that garbage is kindling
and a necessary commodity
the winter time). So with the elimination of paper, wood, and
from the garbage, instantly transforms my garbage to be less garbage
than the next person.
2.) Table scraps,
processing scrap, etc., ends up in a sealed compost container and
ultimately incorporated into the garden. The results are
phenomenal when incorporated into the garden. As it turns out the soil
is starving for nutrition (so likewise when
I die, I'd prefer NOT to be simply burned up so that you have to
breathe that crap, but I also would prefer NOT to be buried in a
box. It gets no more selfish even unto death when
your body has all the nutrients that could replenish your dying
planet...just a thought).
So that eliminates table scraps and
from my garbage, which is usually where garbage odors originate
3.) Steel and other metals are
re-used in all sorts of varied
When there is too much accumulated metals, one phone
call makes it all go away (search location: craigslist; search term:
scrapper). Donating also helps the community by giving the
excess to the
4.) Glass products are reused
in canning, storage, or used
Very little glass ends up in the
garbage until it results in breakage.
5.) Plastics and styros.
You found MYGARBAGE!!
I'd say there's one bag per month that
is carried out to the sealed dumpster (a 40foot bus).
However, even styrofoams have come in handy this winter for temporarily
garage openings shielding me from the bitter cold that is outside right
now. (12degrees outside; 84 degrees inside! ";-)
So the useless plastics
are garbage, and bagged up.
are no odors because there's no
food-matter left in the garbage. No critters will find sustenance from
I state the long-winded aforementioned to
curtail the more judgmental among us, that
might just assume something incorrectly, and lose the message for the
wrongful assumption. Hello Codes Department.
In short, Think long-term in more than just your garbage, cables,
sustenance, energy, etc. Remember
you are going to get old; You
are going to get forgetful; You are going to get error-prone, it's
inevitable (if you even live that long).
And as luck would have it, there's not always a clear indication when
you begin to decompose while you still live. We can't necessarily
dictate to our minds that we would prefer to be the kind elderly person
and not the pervert....it just happens. A little forgetfulness,
then another day and it becomes a little frustration...and bam, before
you know it you're finding yourself talking to inanimate objects!
Whatsoever you do, do unto the next generation, your family tree, your
neighbor (not for yourself...the initial investment in solar rarely
sees a monetary return in an off-grid scenario. For the
next generation, it is nothing BUT profit!
REMEMBER, IT'S THE NEXT GENERATION that is important, BUY TESTED
TRUE PRODUCTS (and if you can't afford it, then
God probably didn't want you to have it anyway. What now?
God and get the plastic version instead?). Your death
leave something of substance that
will get you remembered, the artifacts of which may be used for
generations to come (as opposed to the useless idols and graven images
we may accumulate, commonly referred to as trinkets. Tools of
old, for instance, are able to be used to this day. The cheaper
made modern-day tools will rarely survive even our own existence let
alone the next. Buying plastic crap leaves plastic crap.
The owner of
whom left the following generation to pay to move the crap to the dump,
or have a somewhat embarrassing garage sale in the hopes that someone
will buy the plastic crap).
What you choose to leave behind determines your character, your
foresight, and more. Getting
no new science.
Look around. No old people? Fewer old
people this year? Unless you're eyes are diminished by the
brought to you by others, It appears that death is ever-present with
the increase of capitalist crap.
Fluoride in "public" water supplies, genetically "modified" foods,
nuclear plants within 30 miles of your home and more contribute to the
increase in cancers and early termination of the humans and other wild
Since we age, and are prone
to forgetfulness, better get some sensors to help you out.
The modern-day old people may be dying prematurely of heart attacks
when their forgetfulness to turn off various electric appliances and
the electric monopoly require payment for their
forgetfulness. Incorporating sensors tends
to the menial tasks.
Much around me is automated,
lights, pumps, cameras.
If there's no movement for a specified period of
time, electrical connections are disconnected automatically (until
there's motion again). So lights and various other
automatically turn off when I leave the building or pass out for a few
hours. This may not seem like much until you try to live
off a battery in the Ohio wintertime!
So, Automation is key, and
allows for the long-term life of your battery bank.
are happy batteries.
Having come from Florida to
it's been more difficult a task than anticipated. I just presumed
that I could pick up my solar panels and
batteries and find the same production results regardless of where the
system might be found.
Not so. Enter Ohio's less sun and less wind.
Not only was there a need for MORE solar panels and
MORE wire and MORE batteries and MORE charge controllers (ad infinitum
and nauseaum), but there was also the revelation that the power bank is
variable due to the temperature changes!
To make up for less sun, for instance, it was necessary to install more
panels to capture the ambient light to equal enough to replenish the
batteries. Also, in Florida
I could safely leave the
battery banks outside; Not so in the
colder climates of Ohio.
During the first couple of years in
Ohio, I was not able to do anything with the solar panels and
batteries, and then when I became able, codes restrictions were a
new obstacle I had not
new problems were popping up,
like who knew snow would just completely cover the solar panels, and
then just sit there!?
knew that extreme cold would cause a lull in
power supplied by the batteries in inclement
For the past 2 or 3 winters,
depending on whom you're relying on for information, I've been
living within 3 feet of the battery banks here. There are battery
3 of the 4 walls of this 3-car garage and separated into Five battery
banks in this building as of Mar. 22 2018. Each bank of
batteries possesses their own panels, loads, and charge controllers.
close proximately has allowed an increased
batteries, in general.
The following TIP is actually found on
the internet (but you'll really need to
look for it even if you tailor your search in the off-grid websites).
This is where common sense ought to have
kicked in, cold batteries are bad for
tractors and cars, too.
So in closing, give thought to place
your battery banks where the temperature is somewhat controlled
year-round. The data and energy gleaned from the
controller will be easier to understand, predict, and aid in planning
inevitable completion of your single-generation power plant
The Batteries will need to be planned
for long-term (unless you're wealthy and can afford to replace them
are for Automobiles.
Breakers are for
you don't have them, don't panic.
I have NEVER used any
fuses whatsoever...until I came to
I'll explain why I have fuse boxes now,
whereas my more than 5 years (10 years?) prior to coming to Ohio, I
have never used fuses, or needed
When I came to this location, I was confronted almost
immediately by the codes enforcer and told an investigation would
ensue. Audio: .mp3.wav.avi.flv.mp4
So, moreso out of fear (of
those we finance), I installed fuse boxes and
quick disconnects (fused-disconnects, also), just in case.
But in reality, the codes department
The truth of the matter is, I have ALWAYS
simply connected to my 12v battery just as you would
always Not put
fuse between your flashlight's battery and the bulb! What's
the difference? Nada. My lights are battery operated
just as your flashlight.
Stable battery power, safe, rechargeable (and not needing all the
ridiculous superfluous components that go into AC devices and
To clarify, when "batteries" are referenced herein, we are not
discussing automotive batteries with their paltry plates and violently
high ca and cca (cranking amps/cold-cranking amps).
you have erratic electricity (such as in the manner of
codes-approved 110v and 220v
outrageously dangerous electricity that runs throughout your home),
you need breakers (fuses). However breakers and fuses don't seem
to always work
anyway, do they? *ever lose a computer or television due to
electrical issues? In an off-grid battery powered environment, it
takes a hammer to terminate the electronics. In an on-grid scenario, it
works one day and just doesn't the next ensuring that our precious
materialistic crap surely will not last into the next generation.
1.) 12v is relevantly safe.
However, it is not advisable to hold
your tongue up to a 12v battery as you might with a 9v square
The volts are safe, the amps can potentially kill
you (depending on what type of 12v battery you are experimenting
110v and 220v in contrast have killed people
around the globe every year, whether it be due to electrical shock,
outages *(medications that need to remain frigid), etc.
the last time you ever heard of tragedies caused by a 9v battery or a
12v battery? That's right, probably never. I'm
not saying something can'thappen
without fuses, it just hasn't ever
2.) 12v battery power is stable.
Deep-cycle Batteries are stable, and
only unless it were purposeful, the energy from batteries never spike
(we can't possibly state that about the nation's forced 110v ac
electricity. We have ALL been victims of the power spikes and
3.) 12v Does not create fires.
However, we A L L have witnessed the fires from
the forced 110v ac electrical grid. A free country ought to
practice what it preaches and become the model nation for the rest of
the world to emulate. Give us a free choice, for starters.
Enron-type profiteering/racketeering scandals never happen
when you own your own power plant (battery bank).
You aren't going to over charge yourself next year....you aren't going
to swindle yourself the year after that....You aren't going to "pull"
building #7 at the world trade center embarrassments to destroy the
evidence against yourself the year after that.
Fuses are unnecessary in battery power (unless you are in a moving
vehicle). You DO need fuses in an
to the function of an automobile battery, its manner of recharging, and
other variables that affect stability.
The point is, 12v is virtually harmless. Nobody has ever died
opposite terminals of a 12v battery at the same time (just as its
harmless to do so with a 9v
220v and 110v monopoly electricity probably will send you off
to the hospital if you touched both terminals at their power plant, or
you could die, or at very least touching both
terminals of that dangerous
AC electricity will have you re-think
whether or not you ever want to do that again. Touch both poles
110v or 220v at the source,
and it could very well be a wraps for the rest of the day for
In contrast, I've yet to see a codes inspector worry about the
existence of a breaker box in the house that runs the dangerous 110v
220v electricity. He has NEVER been concerned to inspect
("investigate") since the
first profit was
"made" in the form of a building
fee when the house was built in 1940. Why do you suppose that
is? When once we had elected officials,
has become selected CEO's/Public Relations buffer entities instigated
by the upper ecshelon, the "power-elite" (ie. haliburton/cheney; harkin
energy/bush, trickle down etc.).
So, do I profess that fuses are paramount to your survival in quickly
getting an off-grid system up and operational?
I'm not going to lie, you're probably just throwing your money to
others needlessly, when in fact that money could be better devoted
toward your next solar panel or battery.
going to outlaw my 12v battery being used in a stable
off-grid manner, then shouldn't one first
be concerned in outlawing the
automobile that has killed millions?
The autmobile battery
an unstable environment, when placed in a moving
Macro - ? Hint: >- Micro battery banks are the
My findings in more than a decade of experiments show
mainstream battery bank is simply not the answer.
There is a better way.
Once upon a time, I followed all the advice I could get my hands on
concerning solar, wind, batteries, controllers, inverters, the science
of wire distance/drop, ad infinitum and nauseaum. So just like
with only one view that regurgitates itself all over the internet, I
built that large battery bank. This
did NOT work for me.
I tried 12v banks, 24v banks, and 48v
banks. I tried using
different gauge wire, building a couple of solar trackers, and more.
Here's what works. In the same
instance that you would
never park the battery to your flashlight at the other end of the
house, is the same reason I'll give toward credence that micro is
Micro-battery banks work better
because they're basically item-specific! The lessened
number of appliances and task-oriented hardware ensures a healthy
battery in time of unexpected need.
The first micro battery bank made
accident. After moving a bank of batteries that no longer were expected
to be needed, I became busy with other projects. Having left
two solitary 6v batteries in series created a solitary 12volt
"battery", also left were only two lights connected to the
battery (12v 16.5'
strip lights). I
was pleasantly surprised that weeks later, the single battery (6v
x 2 = 12v)
was looking pretty damn good (unlike the other battery banks which were
much larger yet by morning were leaning to the 12.2v mark). Having the
lights and solitary battery had suddenly
become appreciated because I needed light within the location at the
left that bank and those lights alone (figuring I'd get to them when
That bank has been running
for years now without ever a hitch!
Consider those micro battery banks as
your insurance. If ever needed, it's an easy task to pool
your resources, and if that day should arrive, you know your batteries
will be healthy and fully charged due to their load being light (no
The voltage following each night at that first micro battery bank is
the highest of all the other
battery banks when checked pre-dawn. Whereas the other battery banks
range around 12.3v or 12.2v or 12.4v (under loads) by dawn.
When a battery bank can go a week without sun or other power
input, that's a "done" battery bank, now leave it alone and go
build another one.
When you finally
get to the point where that load amply takes care of itself, walk
is better to have a
fully charged battery that is barely used,
than to have a battery
over-used and short-lived.
Whereas a large battery bank, although still leaps and bounds safer
monopoly's AC electricity, having been transformed into smaller micro battery
banks, just made battery power even safer.
Imagine this scenario:
You have an impressive
power bank supplying energy to all the appliances in your
However, if one solitary cell should go bad in that power bank, your
entire house is
thrown in an unreliable state.
Let's say for instance that
one of your appliances, a large inverter for example, went bad due to
short. That solitary short can potentially affect your
entire bank's energy, hence your entire home's energy.
Whereas a micro battery bank is easier to
troubleshoot, remedy, and it doesn't take down your entire home!
If one of my battery banks ever incurs some unforeseen problem, it
require a great undertaking to not only identify early on (before the
damage), but also, in a
pinch I can always jump the load to another battery bank while the
problem is figured out.
Batteries are noted for what
type of gas?
Your Answer Here:
Hint: The question is loaded. "Hydrogen" gas is not
even a choice in the question above. Furthermore, not all of the
choices were gases at all. We all have heard of the "dangers"
of hydrogen gas, which can be emitted
from a battery usually when in the charge state. I don't
know what batteries those testers
and teachers were using to plant this fear-factor, but I'm assuming
it's not the type of batteries I've been
living with for over a decade.
Suffice to say,
the hydrogen-scare, like fuses, might be over-rated and not applicable
in any industry that I can think of (that uses batteries, such as,
everything....find me a person that blew up due to smoking over a
battery and I'll eat worms, for instance).
On the net is a website that advocates putting a DC 2-wire wind
generator through a blocking diode and directly into the equally rated
battery bank. This did not work at all for me so I don't advocate
it. But where was my bomb?
As it turned out, the 48v wind generator
melted the lead connector of one of the battery cables. The
molten metal created a
perfect dime-sized hole completely through
the top of the
Apparently the wind generator
that kicks up into
the high 80's in voltage was enough to cause lead to melt,
but the battery didn't create enough hydrogen to cause any noticeable
damage. (*in fact that battery worked fine for months after
with just a piece of electrical tape covering the hole).
Later the battery was given in exchange for reducing the "core charge"
extortion unapportioned tax/fee.
But where was my bomb!? Doesn't our programming tell us of
the dangers of hydrogen gas from batteries ?
Ahhh....but when INDUSTRY has an accident, media PROGRAMMING is quick
to flip the script and sell us on how safe it is (oddly enough our
military was sold similarly on a slightly maligned statement concerning
radiation..."sure you're hair will fall out, but it will grow
Suddenly it's all safe (for that week in your mind): http://www.powermag.com/lessons-learned-from-a-hydrogen-explosion/
All of a sudden "our" corporate media PROGRAMMING quickly jumps into action to assure
the exposed public the exact opposite, stating:
Hydrogen is nontoxic and nonpoisonous. It will not contaminate
groundwater (it’s a gas under normal atmospheric conditions), nor will
a release of hydrogen contribute to atmospheric pollution. Hydrogen
does not create fumes."
(day is night, black is white, blah blah blah)
Now let's discuss what we NEVER get to hear about, the OTHER
gas that a
Do you know what that other gas is?
Why do you suppose that we've ALL heard
only of one component that a battery creates? Hydrogen.
Why would it not be equally important to mention that a battery creates
I'm not saying I'd bottle the stuff up and save it for when I'm on the
common respirator, but it sure seems like a rather important gas to
Considering the fact that I smoke like a chimney, and have had a
firewood stove that pretty much stays lit year-round and located within
3 feet of one of the battery banks (6 batteries, presently), apparently
the hydrogen scare
is extremely over-rated as I'm also within three feet of both the
firewood stove and the closest battery bank.
Here's how it was explained to me as to why it's almost impossible to
Hydrogen is lighter
than oxygen, and lighter than other gases that we breathe.
escapes the battery and you are standing over the battery, that
hydrogen zips past you at a rate of (fast).
But even in a somewhat controlled test environment, when collecting the
in such a
way as to re-direct that hydrogen through a small plastic hose,
lighting the other end creates a flame that is barely able to
be kept lit.
reason against macro battery banks !
- Do it before you lose it
Humans are forgetful, easily distracted, and other things too.
When building your power house, use photo-sensors, motion-sensors,
"lights", for instance, are the easiest items to automate.
virtually all of the
lighting in this building turn on and off by themselves. If
sense no activity (for whatever period I pre-determine in the
configuration, usually five minutes), they simply "know" to turn
You are going to get old (hopefully), and forgetful (probably), and
therefore some safeguards in addition to switches and sensors should be
Fool-proof and maintenance-free is the Goal.
Consider DC to
DC; as opposed to DC to AC to DC
Alternative title: No
If you are on a budget, DC to DC is the answer. Many Get
their panels and batteries then plug in a large inverter that pulls the
voltage created by the batteries up to 110v.
Using a large inverter to handle
your entire life's electricity
consumption is blindly having faith that the inverter will never break
If you simply must have inverters, at least use a
bunch of smaller, cheaper units (the larger ones are outrageously
priced and putting all your energy requirements into one inverter is
risky). Similar to the advice to choose micro battery banks over macro,
so ought to be your mindset toward inverters. If a
micro-inverter ever goes down, simply piggy back to
another inverter that is still working. voilà, mom lives!
The loss of a micro-inverter doesn't
break a budget to replace.
Whenever possible, DC TO
DC without the phantom
DC to DC is tantamount to zero phantom loss
(not counting distances or mis-wire-sizing). Why would you
want to charge a battery bank at one voltage, then step the voltage all
up to 110v, only to have it step-down to the exact voltage you started
it's a 12v appliance that you are needing to power, simply remove the
step-down converter, split the wires
and voilà....no more potential problems of a step-down converter going
bad on you.
Converting electricity from one extreme to the other is needless loss.
Tip #10 - Don't
Molest Batteries, ReAp them!
Here comes stupid trial and error experience, Ready?
If you have a battery bank that has a
high ah (amp-hour) capacity and add a lower ah battery in parallel, the
battery will eventually die from overcharging and the larger battery
bank that it was charging from will become damaged because of never
being permitted to fully charge.
Luckily I caught the error as it was occurring (about a week before
figuring it out) and not too much damage was done.
It is verifiably better to keep all the batteries in your
particular banks the same.
So if your first battery is stamped with 235ah, then so ought to be
every other battery in that particular bank be likewise.
Here's how to bring those fat-plate batteries back to life again.
I made these videos in 2012 (youtube tucks them away pretty good though
so I think I may be the only one that's ever viewed these...well, other
WARNING: Back then I didn't know how to edit the videos expediently so
therefore the videos have room for improvement, no doubt.
Only watch if you must. ***The caps being installed on the
batteries are NOT the stock caps, they are owner-provided self-watering
old coot that I did the work for "on these exact same batteries"
had pulled a fast-one on me and either brought different batteries that
also dead stating they were the same batteries he brought in to me only
of months earlier, or he had damaged them himself. As shown by
the specific gravity test, there was zero positive solution.
Evenso, this time he had brought the batties with something new
attached to the batteries, a self-watering system which was not
attached the first time he brought the batteries in. So It was
apparent that he either brought
in different batteries or he learned the hard way on how to operate
those self-waterers in some way, perhaps inadvertently flushing the
acid right out of the batteries.
**At point 12:01 in the video you hear me mis-term by stating there
weould be a 2v charge applied to the batteries overnight, I mean to say
2amp, not 2volt.
Fact is though, we need to take care
of our old coots
because someday we might be one of those, too. Even if what
the old coot did was wrong, he will not live forever, in fact he's
probably already dead as I write this. I'm of the persuasion that
for each moment you or I still have a heartbeat, is sheer luck.
Any moment now one of us will die. Losing "time" or some
materialistic thing such as a couple of containers of sulfuric acid
that was purchased is a small thing. If there's a God, is
he/she/it such a weakling that it could not replace the loss if it were
requisite of some greater scheme of fate?
There, so now it's God's problem!
*Used was a laptop to take the video, so this is a video of a lot of stuff that is not in focus.
The following notes are offered freely (or if somebody wants to finance the project, I'm all ears):
These notes are not going to solve world-hunger or wipe out cancers,
but it's something more than nothing, and it's high-tide we American's
started producing something of world-value (other than our present only
production, bombs, bullets, wars, poisons, etc.).
1.) Batteries are comprised of a limited number of properties that emit
other properties. Batteries are solution (acid) that emit
gas (hydrogen and oxygen). There are some plates inside of the
battery enclosures. The plastic enclosures hold the solution and plates
inside. That's it, right? That's all there is to a battery.
2.) If batteries can convert the liquid acid into a couple of gases,
then it ought to be conceivable that we can collect both gases and turn
it right back into liquid, right?
3.) Despite the fact that I believe the modern-day battery is not using
the ideal plates, the modern-day battery is still the prototype in
which to improve upon unless further financing were made
available. Why are there no videos or websites showing any
experiements in this area? It's as if we were marketed a battery,
and everybody just went to sleep cataloging it as the end-all-be-all.
4.) Since the battery spews pure oxygen, can this gas not be collected
to be used in an effort to reduce the cost of respiratory systems to
our elderly, or be put to some other good use? Why should this be
an expensive undertaking?
5.) Since the battery spews hydrogen gas, and since hydrogen gas is
flamable, is it not easily conceivable that we might make an affordable collector for a portable tank to collect the gas for use in heating, cooking, or other means?
6.) How does plastics interact with the battery acid under charge
conditions and when do the properties interact and breakdown? Is
plastics the best material we can utilize for a battery
enclosure? When plastics become warm, do they not alter
composition somewhat and spew some foreign property into the battery
solution forming unwanted debris?
7.) Anyone that's ever had deep-cycle batteries knows of the
long-term effects of the plastics, the batteries become deformed and
bulged and potentially become problematic due to leakage. Surely
there must be something more durable than plastic. Under a fire
condition, plastic is napalm.
8.) The earth has a charge. Is there a means to use the earth in
some way to safely become a stable extension to the battery?